Type: As. 2ºemission, Castulo (195-179 B.C.). Iberian city in the Citerior ( city Cazlona)Province de Jaen, Spain, Bronze
Origin: Iberian city in the Citerior ( city Cazlona)Province de Jaen, Spain
Weight: 15,00 g
Diameter: 28 mm
Tickness: 3,0 mm
Rarity index: Extremely rare.
Male diademed head facing right. Dotted border.
Winged sphinx advancing to right. In upper right field, star. Beneath raised paw, letter ko. In exergue, (Kastilo).
Ø SNG British Museum,
Ø Spain 1240; SNG Madrid 2, 37;
Ø SNG Copenhagen 205
Ø X. & F. Calicó (Catálogo de Monedas Antiguas de Hispania, model 366, p.59.
History: Phoenician and Greek contact with Spain stretched back to the Seventh Century B.C. at least; possibly several centuries earlier in the case of the Phoenicians. A liverly trade was carried on with the rich mining culture based on the city of Tartessos, but about 500 B.C. the Carthaginians destroyed Tartessos having already taken control of the Phoenician settlements in Spain. Carthaginian pre-eminence in southern and eastern Spain lasted until the time of the Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome. It was from Spain that Hannibal launched his famous invasion of Italy which came so close to destroying the Roman Republic in the infancy of its power. But Hannibal was defeated and Spain became a Roman province (206 B.C.). During the Second Century B.C. Rome gradually extended her influence into the interior of the country and permitted the Iberian tribes to issue a native currency bearing Iberian legends. This coinage ceased with the provincial reforms carried out in 133 B.C.