Type: AE 2 (Bronze), Magnus Maximus, 383-388.Arles
Origin: Roman Imperial
Composition: AE 2(Bronze)
Weight: 4,20 g
Diameter: 24,0 mm
Tickness: 1 mm
Mint: TCON (ARLES)
Rarity index: 7 (1-10)
Obverse: D N MAG MAXI – MVS P F AVG Draped and cuirassed bust to r.
with pearl diadem.
Reverse: Rev. REPARATIO – REIPVB Emperor standing on r., Victory on
globe in l. hand, raising turreted female figure on l.
TCON in exergue.
RIC 26a. C. 31
Magnus Maximus, (died Aug. 27, 388), usurping Roman
emperor who ruled Britain, Gaul, and Spain from ad 383 to 388.
A Spaniard of humble origin, Maximus commanded the Roman
troops in Britain against the Picts and Scots. In the spring of
383, Maximus’ British troops proclaimed him emperor, and he
at once crossed to the European continent to confront his rival
advancing troops; Gratian fled but was overtaken and killed
(Aug. 25, 383).
Maximus took up residence at Augusta Treverorum (modern
Trier, Ger.) and entered into negotiations with the Eastern
emperor, Theodosius I. Since hostile tribes were threatening
his eastern frontier, Theodosius decided to recognize
Maximus rather than fight a war in the West. Maximus also
opened negotiations with Valentinian II, the young ruler who
had been coemperor with Gratian, and made an uneasy
peace with him. At this time Maximus elevated his son
Flavius Victor to be coruler with him, and his elevation was
recognized by the other two emperors.
In the summer of 387 Maximus invaded Italy, forcing
Valentinian to flee to Thessalonica. War broke out in 388
between Maximus and Theodosius, whose position had
been strengthened by a treaty with the Persians. When
his troops were defeated near Siscia and at Pola, in
Illyricum (modern Sisak and Pula, Croatia), Maximus was
captured and executed. The “Dream of Macsen,” one of the
11 tales in the medieval Welsh Mabinogion, tells a legendary
version of Magnus Maximus’s rise to power.